Bukhari Vol1

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Commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari – Volume 1

By Shaykh Omar Subedar

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Beginning of Revelation

In this book, Imām al-Bukhārī discusses the essence of divine revelation, its types and the way it was conveyed to our beloved Messenger (peace be upon him). He presents narrations that demonstrate the way the Prophet (peace be upon him) conducted himself when receiving revelation, both for the first time and later on in his life, and how he would share the divine message with others.

Belief

Imām al-Bukhārī explores the definition of Īmān and Islām, and then looks into their various levels. He opens the doors to a detailed discussion on the different components of Īmān and then enters into the classical theological debate of whether Īmān increases and decreases or not.

About the Author

Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Mughīrah ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhārī was a Persian scholar who was born in Bukhara (present-day Uzbekistan) after the jumuʿah prayer on Friday, Shawwāl 13, 194 AH (July 810 CE).

During his formative years, Imām al-Bukhārī developed the zeal to memorize aḥādīth and began attending the gatherings of contemporary ḥadīth scholars (muḥaddithūn) such as Imām al-Dākhalī.

At the age of 16, Imām al-Bukhārī began a series of journeys to collect aḥādīth. His first quest was to the province of Ḥijāz, in modern-day Saudi Arabia. After residing in Ḥijāz for six years, he travelled to several Islamic countries, including Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Persia. He visited Baṣrah four times and also Kūfah and Baghdād on a number of occasions. From these trips, he collected aḥādīth from a total of 1,080 muḥaddithūn.

Once Imām al-Bukhārī was attending a class of the famous shaykh, Is′ḥāq ibn Rāhway. During the gathering, one person shared an idea with the students of knowledge, “I really wish you people would put together a short book about the practices of Allāh’s Prophet (peace be upon him)!” Imām al-Bukhārī later recalled, “This comment hit my heart!”

Later, Imām al-Bukhārī had a vivid dream in which he stood face to face with Allāh’s beloved Messenger (peace be upon him). The imam could clearly see flies hovering above the Prophet’s head, so he waved a fan to scatter them away. The next day, he consulted dream interpreters, who informed him that the he was going to purify the aḥādīth from all the lies and fabrications that had crept into them. This dream only motivated the imam further.

Thus, in the year 217 AH (9th century CE), at the age of 23, Imām al-Bukhārī began preparing the Jāmiʿ after having travelled many lands to collect aḥādīth. With the help of Allāh, he completed this work in 16 years. From about 600,000 aḥādīth he had compiled from his various teachers, Imām al-Bukhārī carefully selected a final total of 7,563 aḥādīth for his book by carefully scrutinizing the transmission chains. These authentic aḥādīth represent about 1% of his initial collection.

May Allāh continue to shower his infinite mercy upon the soul of Imām al-Bukhārī till the final day.

About the Translator

Mohammed Omar Subedar was born in 1977 and grew up in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada. In 1990, he enrolled in the Institute of Islamic Education in Dewsbury, United Kingdom, where in 1993 he became a ḥāfiẓ of the Qurʾān. In 2001, he graduated from a seven year program on Islamic Theology offered at the very same institute, earning the title of Scholar of Islamic Sciences and Arabic Literature with a final grade of A.

This seven-year program covered:
• Prophetic traditions (aḥādīth) and the principles (uṣūl) of ḥadīth studies
• Arabic grammar (naḥw), morphology (ṣarf), rhetoric (balāghah), vocabulary and literature
• Islamic creed (ʿaqīdah)
• Exegesis (tafsīr) of the Qurʾān and the principles (uṣūl) of exegesis
• Islamic law (fiqh) according to the Ḥanafī School (madh’hab)
• Comparative studies of the four schools of Islamic Law (Ḥanafī, Shāfiʿī, Mālikī and Ḥanbalī) and the principles of jurisprudence (uṣūl al-fiqh)
• Islamic history
• Pronunciation of the Qurʾān (tajwīd) according to the 10 major styles of recitation (qirāʾāt).

Since 2011, Mohammed Omar Subedar has been a lecturer on ḥadīth literature at the Islamic Society of Peel.

Among the books he has taught are:
• Muʾaṭṭaʾ li-Imām Muḥammad
• Muʾaṭṭaʾ li-Imām Mālik
• Sunan Abū Dāwūd
• Jāmiʿ al-Tirmidhī
• Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī
• Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim